Traditional / folk music of BOTSWANA
Botswana is an ancient country. The first humans started to
live in Botswana for more than 100,000 years ago. The country is consist of
different ethnic groups. Botswana culture expressed with traditional music and
dances, which today mixed with modern music inside the local folk music market.
The country is surrounded by Zambia from the north, Zimbabwe
from east, Namibia from north and east and South Africa from the south. The
country was colonized by Britain and Botswana got its Independence in 1964. The
first president, British-educated Seretse Khama was member of largest ethnic
tribe in the country. The population is about 2 million people which is good
for a country for this size. Kalahari Desert, which is one of biggest nature representative
of nature in Africa, covers up huge part of Botswana and most of habitant lives
in other part of country. The main religion is Christianity which reflect it's
in influence on church choir which are common in all the country and is part of
folk and traditional music of Botswana.
Folk music of Botswana is mostly base on vocal and
performance (dance). Traditional music of indigenous people is a vocal songs accompanied
by clapping hands with a nice and complicated rythmic lines. Botswana folk
music in many cases accompanied by traditional instruments such as
Segaba/Segankure (kind of bowed string instrument), Phala (kind of whistle
instrument), Moropa (kind of drum).
Popular and modern music today in Botswana are strongly
influenced by these folk music although it is mainly mixed with western
instruments. Music has strong part in Education system in Botswana and children
of all ages are taught traditional songs, dances and music.
One of the most important type of folk music in Botswana is
Tswana music. It is a vocal performance without drums which is strange for a
traditional music of African tribe but instead, clapping hands is the essential
part of rhythmic section. Vocal section is a type of call-and-respond style.
This type of folk music, most of the time accompanied by string instruments like
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Traditional / folk songs for BOTSWANA
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