Traditional / folk music of TAJIKISTAN
Tajikistan is part of Central Asia and its folk music and
culture is under the influence of Central Asia music and culture. This
traditional music has a deep root in the history and exists through hundred of
years. Tajikistan was part of great culture of Islam during its golden cultural
age. The official language is Tajiki which is branch of Persian language. So
rich poetry of Persian has a great role in the folk music of Tajikistan. Many
folk songs has ancient Persian lyrics from Rumi or other great poets of Persian
language. So Sufi music has a great root in folk music of Tajikistan.
Until 1920s, Tajikistan was a federal part of Uzbekistan and also was part of Soviet Union. In 1929 Tajikistan got separated from Uzbekistan but
still was part of Soviet Union. So the folk music, instruments and culture is
very close to folk music in Uzbekistan.
Shashmaqam means six Maqams (mode). This folk music is
typical and classical in Central Asia. It is very close to other maqam music style in Middle
East countries like Iran, with the similarity in names, styles and musical theory. In
Tajikistan it is also called as "Quran of Tajik People". Until 1980s,
Tajik and Uzbek people was trying to have their own type of Shashmaqa, but
later try to mix again and learn the other type of Shashmaqam from each other.
Most of songs in shashmaqam are from Sufi poetry and they are in Persian. But
in Uzbekistan as they have different language they sing different stuffs but
they share the same type of music instruments.
Other than Shashmaqam, folk music of Tajikistan divided in
Falak, is a type of folk music in mountains in south of
Tajikistan. This music is played in wedding, celebration and different events.
Holiday music is a kind of folk music for holidays in
springtime which is also new year in Tajikistan. This music is played with dutar
Folk music in central part of Tajikistan is known as
In Badakhshan, in the south near Afghanistan which has
closer style to north afghan music. They are famous for their spiritual poetry
Some of the instruments which are used in Tajikistan folk
music are dutor, rhubab, tanbur,surnai, chang, tablak, doira , kairok. They are
common in different parts and in different events.
Please help us to make this page better about the folk music
of Tajikistan by sending us information about it or send some folk music
songs from Tajikistan. Also if you see any mistake about the tags in the list
of the song below, please kindly let us know through contact us page.
Traditional / folk songs for TAJIKISTAN
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